How do you know if you have oily skin?

How do you know if you have oily skin?

Does your skin have a shiny or greasy look?
Do you have large open pores?
Does your skin look thick or rough?
Can you see blackheads?
Do you get spots?

If you have answer ‘yes’ to those 5 symptoms – then you probably have oily skin.

What causes oily skin?

The sebaceous glands which are attached to the hair follicle produces sebum which is your natural moisturiser that protects and hydrates the skin. Sebum is vital for keeping skin healthy, however when the sebaceous gland produces too much sebum, this can lead to oily skin, clogged pores and acne. What causes the overproduction of sebum is hormones, high stress levels and the obvious one is genetics.

How do you take care of oily skin?

Cleanse thoroughly morning and evening. If you exercise during the day, then cleanse after. There are wash off foaming cleansers which are good as long as you avoid ones that contain fragrances, added moisturisers or harsh chemicals which can irritate or dry out the skin, making it respond by creating more oil!

Avoid harsh scrubs or loofahs as these can also stimulate the skin to make more oil. Instead look for cleansers that contain salicylic acid, glycolic acid and lactic acid. Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid which simply means it dissolves oil and so when using this ingredient on your face, the pores will be cleaned properly and should reduce in size! Glycolic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid which means it is water soluble and actually what this does to your skin, is enables the dead skin cells to exfoliate naturally. Lactic acid has a similar effect as the glycolic – causing natural exfoliation. So these super ingredients when combined in a cleanser will cleanse skin thoroughly, reduce the oil content and smooth out the skin surface beautifully.

Should you moisturise an oily skin?
I think this depends on your choice of moisturiser and therefore you have to be careful which one you choose. A good test of moisturisers that would be ok for oily skins is to apply a blob on the back of your hand and see if it absorbs easily into your skin without leaving stickiness or a shine on top? If it leaves a trace on top – then do not use this as it may block your skin up more. Think of finding a water based moisturiser or oil free formulation and you will be on the right road. If you have active spots, I am not a fan of applying moisturiser on top.

How do I prevent having oily skin?
Unfortunately oily skin that is linked to genetics can be difficult to prevent. Oily skin that is caused by changes in hormones is also difficult to control. The best prevention is to have a consistent skin care routine that works and stick to it! When you have oily skin, you may be tempted to hide it with makeup. Just be sure to use the correct make up e.g. mineral make up or water based makeup would work best for this skin type. In fact Bare Minerals contains Zinc Oxide which actually helps by calming inflammation, soothes redness and can help dry out oil production.

Finally, nutrition is key here. Stay away from greasy foods, eat a well rounded diet full of whole foods and stay hydrated.

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